(225) 784 - 2168 zach@bonsai-south.com

Willow Oak



Willow oak, Quercus phellos, is one of the best oak species to grow as bonsai.  It features willow-shaped leaves that reduce well in bonsai culture, to 1″ or less in length, it ramifies well and is very easy to maintain horticulturally.

This specimen was collected
in the winter of 2012.  This is
the earliest photo I have, which was taken 3/17/12.  The trunk
is 4″ in diameter at the base, and it’s about 12″ to the chop. 
What you can’t see in this photo is that the trunk base has been buried to protect the surface roots of the tree while they recover.  But all in all, this is
a tremendous specimen.



Two weeks later, it’s clear this tree is going to make it. 

Look at the strong growth
of the new shoots.



Here’s what a Willow oak can do in just over a year from lifting. 

An amazing amount
of growth, right?



I’m not sure of the date of this photograph, but 2014 was the year of bitter cold and a lot of my trees came out late.  This specimen always comes
out late each spring, but
always makes up for it as the growing season progresses.


(1 of 3)

This is the beginning of year three for this specimen, and it’s time for the initial potting.  Compare this photo with the first one above.  We’ve come a long way!


(2 of 3)

Now you can see what I meant by
burying the surface roots. 

Here the tree has been removed from its nursery container, the roots combed out
and trimmed for the bonsai pot.  This is just what you can expect from a Willow oak,
in terms of root growth.  What began as simply large roots chopped back is now a dense fibrous root system, exactly what is needed
to ensure the health of a fine bonsai.


(3 of 3)

And here’s the tree in its bonsai pot, a fine custom oval by Bryon Myrick

The new leader needs to be reduced, and
the branches need much further development.  This can all be accomplished in a bonsai pot.



Later in the season, the apex was reduced
and regrown and there’s been more development in the lower branches.



In spring of 2016 I decided to regrow the lowest right branch because I didn’t like
the way it was designed.  Sometimes you
just have to start over.  So I have two new branches emerging from the stump of
the branch, which I think will make for a better design as it develops.  Otherwise, this tree
is coming along beautifully.



Showing some fall color.  I gave this tree
a trimming while leaving the leaders long on the lowest right branch.  They will be allowed to grow untrimmed throughout spring
of next year, after which time I’ll cut them
back hard to continue redevelopment of
the branch.  But isn’t this tree looking fantastic?  Next year the ramification should move to the next level over most of the tree.


After repotting.  My plan is to continue developing the lower right-hand branch, plus improve ramification.


The tree had different plans from mine.  It dropped the low right-hand branch, and the spring growing season saw the tree struggle quite a bit.  I failed to recognize the growth of shade where this tree was sited, due to some willows that have been getting bigger for the past few years.  So I moved this oak into more direct sun.  That did the trick.  You can see how nice the foliage looks by the end of the season.  Now to deal with the missing branch.


Who’d’ve thought.  The tree actually looks a lot better without that branch.  It doesn’t comply with the standard bonsai “rules,” but frankly if the right-hand branch had survived in preference to the one across from it on the left, I’d have had a “compliant” bonsai that would have been much less dramatic.  Notice how the additional carving has also added to the appearance of this specimen.


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Address: 9116 Dorothy Lane
St Francisville, Louisiana 70775

Phone: (225) 784 – 2168